How To Play Chess: A Beginner's Guide
How To Play Chess: A Beginner's Guide

How To Play Chess: A Beginner's Guide

How to Play Chess for Beginners Rules and Strategies
How to Play Chess for Beginners Rules and Strategies from

The Basics of Chess

Chess is a two-player board game that requires strategy and critical thinking. The game is played on a square board, consisting of 64 squares, with alternating colors of black and white. Each player starts with 16 pieces, consisting of one king, one queen, two rooks, two knights, two bishops, and eight pawns.

The Objective of Chess

The objective of chess is to checkmate your opponent’s king. Checkmate occurs when the king is in a position to be captured (in check) and cannot escape capture on the next move.

How to Set Up the Chess Board

Before starting the game, the chessboard must be set up correctly. Place the board so that each player has a white square on their right-hand side. The rooks are placed on the corners of the board, followed by the knights, then the bishops. The queen is placed on the square of her own color, and the king is placed on the remaining square. Finally, place the pawns in front of the other pieces.

How to Move the Pieces

Each piece moves differently on the chessboard. The king can move one square in any direction, while the queen can move in any direction along a straight line. The rooks move along a straight line, either horizontally or vertically. The bishops move diagonally. The knights move in an L-shape, two squares in one direction and then one square in a perpendicular direction. Finally, the pawns move forward one square, but can move two squares on their first move.

Special Moves in Chess

There are two special moves in chess: castling and en passant. Castling is a move that allows the king to move two squares towards a rook, while the rook moves to the square the king crossed. This move can only be done if neither the king nor the rook has moved yet and if there are no pieces between them.

En passant is a move that allows a pawn to capture an opponent’s pawn that has just moved two squares forward from its starting position.

Strategy in Chess

Chess is a game of strategy, and it’s important to think ahead and plan your moves. Some strategies to keep in mind include controlling the center of the board, protecting your pieces, and setting up traps for your opponent.

Common Mistakes in Chess

Common mistakes in chess include not protecting your king, moving your pieces without a plan, and not taking your opponent’s moves into consideration. It’s important to stay focused and think through your moves carefully.

How to Improve Your Chess Game

If you want to improve your chess game, practice is key. Play against other players, study famous chess games, and read books on chess strategy. It’s also important to analyze your own games and learn from your mistakes.


Chess is a challenging and rewarding game that requires critical thinking and strategy. By following these basic rules and strategies, you’ll be on your way to becoming a skilled chess player in no time.

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